Pruning is a gardening exercise that changes the growth and form of a plant. Also, pruning could be considered defensive maintenance based on science and aesthetics. A lot of problems can be avoided by correctly pruning during formative years for a shrub or a tree.
Reasons for Pruning
Prune to stimulate the health of the plant
- Remove branch stubs
- Remove branches that scrub together
- Remove dying or dead branches injured by storms, animals, severe insect infestation, disease, or other hostile mechanical damage
Prevent topping trees. Removing huge branches leaves stubs that could cause some health problems. Also, it destroys the natural shape of the plant and stimulates suckering and improvement of weak branches.
Prune to maintain the plant’s purposes like:
- Maintaining a desirable special garden forms or form of the plant
- Maintaining a thick hedge
- Stimulating fruit and flower development
Prune to boost plant appearance
Appearance in the landscape is important to the usefulness of a plant. A natural form of a plant is best for most landscapes. Prevent trimming shrubs into constricted geometrical forms that could unpleasantly affect the flowers unless it requires being trained or confined for a certain purpose. It is hard to see that they have been pruned when plants are pruned properly.
- Remove unwanted fruiting structures, suckers, waterspouts, and undesired branches that lessen the appearance of the plant.
Prune to protect property and individuals
- Prune tree branches or shrubs that block your home’s entry for security purposes.
- Prune branches that block vision at intersections
- Prune out narrow-angled or weak tree branches that overhang sidewalks, parking areas, and homes. Falling limbs can damage property or injure individuals.
- Take down hazardous trees
- Remove branches that are dead
Pruning starts at planting time
Pruning is really the greatest defensive maintenance that a young plant could get. It’s vital for young trees to be trained to stimulate them in developing a strong structure.
Young trees that are not properly pruned or not pruned for many years might need heavy pruning to remove larger branches and avoid trees from becoming misshapen.
Only remove broken, dead, or diseased branches at planting. Start training a plant during the undeveloped season after planting.
- Remove several leaders on evergreens and other trees where only one leader is desired.
- Gradually removed lower branches to raise the crown and remove branches that are too strictly spaced on the trunk.
- Remove branches that grow back towards the tree center and crossing branches.
- Prune to form young trees. However, do not cut the leader.
Pruning young bushes is not as vital as pruning young trees. However, take care in using the same procedure to stimulate good structure of the branch. Container grown bushes need tiny pruning.
- Prune out any crossing or circling, diseased, and broken roots and thin out branches for good spacing when planting deciduous bushes.
- Prune every plant to around 6 inches off the ground when planting deciduous bushes for hedges.
Yes, pruning requires a lot of work. So if you do not have much time, you can always hire a professional. Click here to contact one.