2 Types of Foundation

The basic thing you should know about foundation is that it carries the entire load of the structure. If you’re wondering how a skyscraper building is able to stand tall, it’s because of the strong foundation. Upon construction, the engineers have to design the foundation in such a way that the entire structure will be able to withstand strong winds and other natural disasters.  

The contractors of foundation repairs Indianapolis said that there’s more to the digging and pouring concrete that you should know about. Even if you won’t give a manual labor in the construction, you should know the basics about foundation. In this article, you will learn its types.  

  1. Shallow Foundation 

The basic information you should know about a shallow foundation is that the depth of the ground is less than the width of the foundation. They are commonly called as the spread footing. The classifications of this foundation are as follows.  

  1. Wall Footing 

A wall footing foundation transfers the weight of the wall into the ground. It runs continuous along the wall’s directions. The width of this foundation is two times the wall’s width at ground level. This type of foundation is suitable if the weight is small and economical in gravels and dense sands.  

  1. Column Footing 

If the depth of the foundation is greater than 1.5 meters, the column footing is the most suitable. It is constructed through reinforced or plain concrete and is in the form of flat slab. The column’s base is also enlarged.  

  1. Combined Footing 

Engineers use combined footings for foundations that are two columns in a row, it means if the foundation they’re going to construct will extend beyond the property line. It’s trapezoidal or rectangular in shape.  

  1. Strap Footing 

This type of foundation is used when the edge footing cannot extend beyond the property. So a strap beam is used to link up the edge footing with the interior footing. 

  1. Deep Foundation 

The deep foundation has a depth that’s greater than the width. When the shallow foundation can’t support the weight of a structure, the deep foundation is used. The process is that this type of foundation transmits the superstructure’s load to the rock strata which lies deep in the ground.  

  1. Pile Foundation 

The pile foundation is use to transfer the load of the structure to the rock, which is a less compressible stratum. Friction or bearing is used when transferring the load. When the inclined and horizontal forces need to be carried from the retaining walls and bridge abutments, this type of foundation is also used. It can be classified as friction piles, bearing piles and a combination of the two. The materials can be steel piles, concrete piles and timber piles.  

  1. Pier Foundation 

This type of foundation is an underground structure which is cylindrical in shape. It supports the structure’s heavy load in which the shallow foundations can’t. The load transference is possible through bearing. This foundation is used when the soil is stiff clay and the top strata are a decomposed rock.  

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Dirtiest Areas in the House

As a homeowner, you want your house to look its best always. However, whenever we clean, we might skip over particular places. This is especially true if you have a big house. You might not have the expertise or tools to keep up with each small detail since you might not be as experienced as a professional cleaner.  


To help you, here are several areas in your home that are dirtier than you realize: 


To make your home feel welcoming, one of the ideal ways to do is to open up the blinds and let the natural light in. But, if your windows are not clean, this will have a contradictory effect. You can easily clean your windows if you use an ammonia-based product. However, this type of product will leave streaks on your windows that will most likely look worse than the grime. Also, you will not be able to reach the exterior side of a window for a complete window cleaning if you’ve got second-story windows. 


A huge part of your living room might be carpeted. According to a study, it is predicted that a carpet can hold dust that is around 8x its weight. Of course, that is a lot of dirt, right? You might not even have thought about it. The amount of allergens is staggering if you’ve got a pet in your home. Dogs can bring in dirt and they shed. A cat can roll around your carpet and spread undetectable fur and dander. They can also spread litter through your carpet. Even if you utilize a vacuum cleaner, you will not remove these allergens completely. 

In your daily life, you will probably not notice this. But, you can be sure that your family and friends will notice it. This is particularly true if they’re allergic to your pet. Carpets are another excellent reason to hire professional cleaning services Pittsburgh if you don’t want your brother to sneeze through his visit. Professional cleaning services will make sure your carpet is clean whenever regular cleaning won’t do the job.  

Kitchen Sink 

According to professionals, there are a lot more germs in your kitchen sink compared to your toilet bowl. Though you almost definitely utilize professional-grade cleaners in your bathroom, you might be neglecting your kitchen. If you use a weak cleaner, you will not be killing every dangerous germ in your kitchen. A cleaner that is designed for kitchen cleaning will help. However, if you are a busy person, it can be hard to find time to do deep cleaning.  

Fortunately, there are a lot of professional cleaners out there that can help you. They are an excellent option if you’re concerned that you will not be able to get rid of all the germs in your kitchen sink.  

Though expert home cleaning services aren’t required every day, you will certainly need it to make sure your house is as clean as it should be. This is particularly true when it comes to the dirtiest areas we’ve mentioned above.  

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What to Look for if You are Looking to do Some Repairs?

It is an inevitable situation that would happen to you, there would come a time in your life, wherein you need to make sure that you get yourself some repairs. It could be for the house like a garage door repair Northern Beaches, it could also be for your paint. It could also be electrical and minor which you can do yourself.  

However, if the repair is a bit on the big side, you might want to consider getting a repairman to do it. If you are looking for someone to fit your standard that first thing you need to know is to learn what your standards are. There are also times when you know your standards but the essential thing to look for is not included. 

So, in this article, you will be presented with what are the essential things you should look for in order to get what you need.  


This is one of the important things you need to look for. You have to know what you need but you need a person who is knowledgeable enough about the matter to help you. You want to have someone who knows what it is they have to fix for. So, you want someone to be trained in the field if you cannot find someone with the experience.  


You also want someone with the experience to do so, however, it isn’t a prerequisite that you can do without. It would be better if they have a vast experience in the field but if they don’t as long as they are licensed and seem to know what they are doing that would be a good thing.  


If it’s a pretty big repair you want to make sure that you are doing what you can about it. It makes sense that you are able to get things off the way but you need to know that your repairman is not going to use faulty equipment to have work done for you. It’s important that you know this and it’s important that you do it so.  


You want to have the security that a repairman or a company take pride in their job. They would do what they can to ensure that it is delivered with utmost excellence, thus they are putting the warranty that if they don’t do it right. You can get benefits that would be a disservice but only on their side.  


Accidents happen and it is something that cannot be controlled or expected. However, it is something that can be prepared for. A company would have an insurance for their employees and even if you work remotely you would do the same, it just protects you and give you option that you may not have.  

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Three Things to Consider in Buying a Furnace

When winter comes, the bitter cold makes it very hard for us to go anywhere outside. We just want to spend our time and cozy up at home. One important component of our home that keeps us comfortable and warm despite the harsh temperature is our Furnace.  

A furnace, however, does involve a considerable amount of money and we should not just be careless on buying one without putting much consideration on it. Another challenge for us is that there are a lot of furnaces available out there, and it can be a headache on choosing one among the many. But don’t worry, when you have knowledge or guidelines, it can be much easier for you to buy the right furnace. So to help you, here is a list of things to consider in buying a furnace. 


1. System Type

The first thing you should consider in buying a furnace is its system type. There are two kinds of system; one is ‘Split’ and the other is ‘Packaged.’ In the Split system, your furnace, which belongs to your heating system is different from your cooling system. Meanwhile, packaged system merges your heating and cooling system in one.  

The split system would require different components for each the cooling and heating system, which would result in reducing the space in your home. While in packaged system, you would have fewer components; however, when a component gets broken, both the heating and cooling system would be affected at the same time. 

2. Fuel Source

The furnace doesn’t run on their own; it needs fuel like any other machines. In the furnace industry, there are three main fuel types, which are the electric, gas, and oil. Your choice of fuel source should depend on your budget, and as well as the availability of it. 

The furnace type that consumes electric would probably the most convenient and the most widely available type of furnace. The disadvantage of this fuel source, however, is that it would consume a lot of electric energy to produce heat, which would spike your monthly electric billing. 

The furnace type that consumes gas is probably one of the most efficient furnace types, consuming fewer resources but produces more heat. Lastly, is the furnace type that consumes oil; this option is also powerful and efficient. The downside of this option is that oil requires bigger storage so that it would take up a larger space from your home. Oil can also be difficult to store and might make your place messy, and it can be expensive too, especially if the oil prices go up. 

3. Quality of Air

One of the most important components of any furnace is its filter. Filter cleanses the air that is going in and outside your furnace. The problem is that filters tend to accumulate dust and dirt over time and this could result in poor quality of air. In buying your furnace, make sure that its filter is easy to find on the market; so when the time comes that it gets dirty, you can easily buy one and replace it. For more information on cleaning your furnace, visit here http://www.edmfurnacecleaning.ca/ 

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Tips in Cleaning Your Home Fast

Having a system, moving quickly and never going back to a room is the secret to cleaning your home fastHouse cleaning in Riverside, CA is a tedious work and if you don’t have the right technique and strategies, you might run out of energy before finishing your work. 


If you think that you are not capable enough, want to skip the tedious work, or busy, then you can always call for professional help. Thankfully, there are many companies that offer professional and high-quality work and also guarantee customer satisfaction always, you could visit them at their website, such as RiversideHouseCleaningServices.com. 

Well, if you are confident and have a lot of time to do the cleaning, then here are some tips that can help you clean your house in the fastest and most efficient manner. 


Uncover dirty linens and toss in the hamper. Your nearby drawers must be emptied with unnecessary items that clog your nightstand or dresser. The wastebasket must be emptied and clean the floor to make it look tidier. 

Lift up each corner of the mattress using on hand and tuck with the other rather than trying to tuck sheets under the end of the mattress, this way is much faster and more efficient.  

Start with a piece of furniture in one corner and work around the room in a clockwise manner using a dry microfiber cloth. Dust each surface carefully and work back to front while lifting knickknacks as you go. Your cloth must only touch the each surface once to clean it properly and avoid the dust from spreading.  

Clean the lamp top to bottom then dust the tabletop, you can also use your armed duster on wall art and mirrors. Using long firm strokes begin from a back corner and vacuum throughout the door.  You can save time by only running the vacuum once.  


Use your all-purpose spray to spritz the sink, shower, vanity, and tub then leaves it for a while. Put a small amount of baking soda into the bowl and then brush it thoroughly before flushing.  The next thing to do is spray a microfiber cloth with all-purpose spray and wipe down the outside of the tank and toilet. 

Starting in the top corner, spray on the glass and wipe in a circular motion.  You can use a toothbrush to quickly scrub areas which are hard to reach around the fixtures. Wipe the counter, fixture, vanity and handles by starting in one corner and moving horizontally while working back to front. 


The first thing to do is to load the dishes and then start the cycle. Remove any clutter from your countertops; put items back in the cabinets, and stash of papers in a drawer. Your kitchen will look cleaner if your counter is empty.  

Wet a microfiber cloth using an all-purpose spray and wipe countertops in a back to front manner. Swipe the fridge, stove, and dishwasher using as damp cloth. Give your floor as fast once-over cleanup with a damped micro fiber mop working your way out. 

    Living Room 

Scan quickly your room and observe the things that need your attention. Clean the glass surfaces as well as the furniture. Start from the farthest corner to the front, speed vacuum the room to ensure total cleanliness. Call the professionals if you want to learn more about how to clean your living room. 


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Pruning Shrubs and Trees

Pruning is a gardening exercise that changes the growth and form of a plant. Also, pruning could be considered defensive maintenance based on science and aesthetics. A lot of problems can be avoided by correctly pruning during formative years for a shrub or a tree. 

Pruning Shrubs

Reasons for Pruning 

Prune to stimulate the health of the plant 

  • Remove branch stubs 
  • Remove branches that scrub together 
  • Remove dying or dead branches injured by storms, animals, severe insect infestation, disease, or other hostile mechanical damage 

Prevent topping trees. Removing huge branches leaves stubs that could cause some health problems. Also, it destroys the natural shape of the plant and stimulates suckering and improvement of weak branches. 

Prune to maintain the plant’s purposes like: 

  • Maintaining a desirable special garden forms or form of the plant 
  • Maintaining a thick hedge 
  • Stimulating fruit and flower development 

Prune to boost plant appearance 

Appearance in the landscape is important to the usefulness of a plant. A natural form of a plant is best for most landscapes. Prevent trimming shrubs into constricted geometrical forms that could unpleasantly affect the flowers unless it requires being trained or confined for a certain purpose. It is hard to see that they have been pruned when plants are pruned properly. 

  • Remove unwanted fruiting structures, suckers, waterspouts, and undesired branches that lessen the appearance of the plant. 

Prune to protect property and individuals 

  • Prune tree branches or shrubs that block your home’s entry for security purposes. 
  • Prune branches that block vision at intersections 
  • Prune out narrow-angled or weak tree branches that overhang sidewalks, parking areas, and homes. Falling limbs can damage property or injure individuals. 
  • Take down hazardous trees 
  • Remove branches that are dead 

Pruning starts at planting time 

Pruning is really the greatest defensive maintenance that a young plant could get. It’s vital for young trees to be trained to stimulate them in developing a strong structure. 

Young trees that are not properly pruned or not pruned for many years might need heavy pruning to remove larger branches and avoid trees from becoming misshapen. 

Only remove broken, dead, or diseased branches at planting. Start training a plant during the undeveloped season after planting.  

  • Remove several leaders on evergreens and other trees where only one leader is desired. 
  • Gradually removed lower branches to raise the crown and remove branches that are too strictly spaced on the trunk.  
  • Remove branches that grow back towards the tree center and crossing branches. 
  • Prune to form young trees. However, do not cut the leader. 

Pruning young bushes is not as vital as pruning young trees. However, take care in using the same procedure to stimulate good structure of the branch. Container grown bushes need tiny pruning. 

  • Prune out any crossing or circling, diseased, and broken roots and thin out branches for good spacing when planting deciduous bushes.  
  • Prune every plant to around 6 inches off the ground when planting deciduous bushes for hedges. 

Yes, pruning requires a lot of work. So if you do not have much time, you can always hire a professional. Click here to contact one.  

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